Research reports

Research about trading hours

Effects of restricting pub closing times on night-time assaults in an Australian city (2010)

Authors: Kypros Kypri, Craig Jones, Patrick McElduff and Daniel Barker.

This study aimed to assess if the restricted closing times in the central business district (CBD) of Newcastle resulted in a reduction of incidences of assaults. The study found that a restriction in pub closing times to 3.00-3.30am in Newcastle resulted in a large relative reduction in assault incidence of 37 per cent.

This study is not publically available and requires a subscription. For more information about this study please contact the ACAP.

The impact of restricted alcohol availability on alcohol-related violence in Newcastle, NSW (2009)

Authors: Craig Jones, Kyp Kypri, Steve Moffatt, Chloe Borzycki and Bryan Price.

This study aimed to assess if the restricted availability of alcohol in venues in Newcastle CBD brought about change in the number of alcohol-related assaults and if there was any geographic displacement of alcohol-related assaults. The study found that there was a significant decrease in the proportion of assaults occurring after 3am. The study also found that there was no geographic displacement of assaults to other licensed premises or neighbouring areas.

Read the report here.

Research about outlet density

Alcohol outlet density and harm: Comparing the impacts on violence and chronic harms

Author: Michael Livingston

This study looks at the relationship between outlet density and alcohol harms by utilising hospital admissions, incorporating a 14 year longitudinal design and by developing comparative models for violence and rates of alcohol use disorders.

The results of this study suggest that the density of on-licence premises (i.e. pubs) is positively related to rates of assault-related hospital admissions, while the density of off-premise alcohol outlets is related to the rate of alcohol use disorders. The results show that a 10 per cent increase in general licence rates in an area increased hospitalisation rates for assault by 0.6 per cent, while a 10 per cent increase in off licence rates increased assault rates by 0.8 per cent.

This study is not publically available and requires a subscription. For more information about this study please contact the ACAP.

Revealing the link between licensed outlets and violence: Counting venues versus measuring alcohol availability (2010)

Authors: Wenbin Liang and Tanya Chikritzhs

This study looked at the links between licensed outlets and violence. The study found that for every 10,000 additional litres of pure alcohol sold at a packaged liquor outlet, the risk of violence experienced in a residential setting increased by 26 per cent.

This study is not publically available and requires a subscription. For more information about this study please contact the ACAP.

Research about late night economies

Dealing with alcohol-related harm and the night-time economy (DANTE) (2012)

Authors: A/Prof Peter Miller, Jennifer Tindall, Anders Sonderlund, Daniel Groombridge, Christophe Lecathelinais, Karen Gillham, Emma McFarlane, Florentine de Groot, Nicolas Droste, Amy Sawyer, A/Prof Darren Palmer, Dr Ian Warren and A/Prof John Wiggers.

This study evaluated strategies to address alcohol-related harm in the entertainment precincts of two regional Australian cities: Geelong (Victoria) and Newcastle (New South Wales). A range of interventions were analysed in the study including locking patrons out of clubs after 1.30am, clubs closing by 3.30am, banning alcohol shots after 10pm and limits on the number of drinks being served (as mandated by licence conditions in Newcastle) and the introduction of ID scanners, improved communication between venues and police and education campaigns (which were voluntary in Geelong).

Among the study’s key findings was that the measures that dealt directly with alcohol consumption employed in Newcastle, such as restricted trading hours, were the most effective in reducing alcohol-related crime.

Read the report here.

Patron Offending and Intoxication in Night-Time Entertainment Districts (POINTED) (2013)

Authors: A/Prof Peter Miller, Dr Amy Pennay, Nicolas Droste, Dr Rebecca Jenkinson, Brendan Quinn, Prof Tanya Chikritzhs, Prof Stephen Tomsen, Phillip Wadds, Prof Sandra Jones, A/Prof Darren Palmer, Lance Barrie, Dr Tina Lam, William Gilmore, Prof Dan Lubman.

This study investigated some of the factors associated with alcohol-related violence in licensed venues and night-time entertainment precincts across five Australian cities (two regional and three metropolitan). The primary aim of the project was to measure levels of pre-drinking, drinking in venues, intoxication, illicit drug use and harmful drinking practices (such as mixing with energy drinks) of patrons in entertainment areas, and relating this to offending, risky behaviour and harms experienced.

The study showed that alcohol remains the driver for most of the harm experienced in the night-time entertainment districts across Australia, with greater levels of intoxication and harm linked to later trading hours.

Read the report here.


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